Letter to the Editor on Boundaries, Rape Culture and Sexual Harassment

This last weekend I had the distinctly unpleasant experience of being on the receiving end of sexual harassment from a women to myself, a man.

I have never knowingly or deliberately engaged in wolf-whistling, lewd catcalls or “copping a feel” myself and to find myself on the receiving end and having my crotch grabbed by someone I barely knew was shocking to say the least.

I have come to a painfully personal understanding that the worst part of such an experience is that while I was horrified and paralyzed by the shock, my body responded to the woman’s groping of my person. This is a very painful reality that any victim of sexual harassment or assault must deal with, and that is that we cannot fully control our bodies sexual response no matter how much we might wish to or try to fight it.

Sometimes you hear in the media or from people that someone was “asking for it” when a victim speaks out about this. To say this is a flagrant lie is putting it far too mildly.

I struggle with social interaction for the most part and tend to feel very awkward around people I do not know and in this instance, I was so stunned that I was not able to give voice to my objections of being treated this way. I was not wearing revealing clothing or engaging in flirting. Yet society would say, “he must have done something to deserve it.” That is complete and utter bullshit.

Nobody and I mean NOBODY, deserves to have their personal boundaries or body violated in any way, shape or form whatsoever. Unless someone explicitly and emphatically says that yes, they do want to engage in sexual activities with you, leave them alone. Either ask outright, or do not bring it up at all.

No one has the right to another person’s body and to suggest otherwise is stating that the person who was sexually harassed or raped does not have the right to their own body or life. Everyone in this world, has the right to live their own life as they so choose. If someone wants to be promiscuous, that is their choice. If they are like me and feel that sexual intimacy is not to be a casual thing that too, is their right.

I do not care who you are, how much money or power you have, if you are male, female or transgender. You do not have the right to violate another person’s body or boundaries. For whatever reason, our society pretends that such things are acceptable to engage in. These invasions of people’s space and bodies never have been “okay”, and never will be.

Until we can actually learn to respect one another’s choices and boundaries culturally, we cannot claim to be a mature or civilized species for only barbarians with no regard for others engage in such activities of violation.

 

Jamison Wagner

CNM stubs out tobacco use; Some students find new policy a drag

By Jamison Wagner, Staff Reporter | Photos By Rene Thompson

1.1

1.3

1.2Smokers may be put out by the changes to CNM’s tobacco policies.
As of the start of the fall 2013 term CNM will no longer allow electronic cigarettes or any other tobacco product inside its’ buildings and all tobacco-related products will only be permitted in the designated smoking areas outside away from the buildings said Christine Burroughs, Communications Manager for CNM.
This is part of CNM’s effort to make its’ campuses smoke free and this will also include a communications campaign, smoke-free signage and to help students and employees go smoke-free, she said.
Students expressed mixed feelings to the Chronicle about the changes being made to the tobacco policies.
Timothy Brito, Teaching major said that it does not bother him if e-cigs are banned since CNM will be a smoke-free campus now like UNM as it will show the freshmen coming into CNM that the school cares about them.
“The ban is going to bother me a lot at times as a smoker, but there really is not a lot you can do about it. I am sure if the student body came together the administration might do something about it but it is hard to motivate people nowadays about things like this,” he said.
Brito said this may affect him as a smoker and contribute a bit to his stress levels when he is dealing with final exams.
If CNM does try to improve the designated smoking areas smokers may be more inclined to use them, he said.
“I know this is going to mess with student, as a lot of us smoke, so there is going to be a lot of irritation around here, but I do think this is a good thing,” he said.
James Scacco, Engineering major said that he has seen people smoking the e-cigs indoors and had wondered about the health effects but did not have a definite opinion about whether or not people should be smoking e-cigs indoors.
“I do not really see the point in a policy that is not driven by purpose or data so it does not make sense to me unless CNM does have a reason for this change,” he said.
Tom Sparks, Architectural Design major said that he thinks the policy change had to happen because of the high school program being put into place. However he said he does not care for the smoking areas being completely open to the elements and disliked the ban on electronic cigarettes inside.
“I think the e-cigs being banned inside is stupid. I used to have a company where e-cigs were sold and it is not smoke, it has been proven that the liquid vapor from an e-cig cannot harm airplane electronics, so how could it harm other electronics,” he said.
It seems like a way for teachers who have been complaining about e-cigs to get the e-cigs removed completely because the teachers do not like having them around, he said.
Sparks said he has had plenty of teachers who complained about his using an e-cig while he was in class and he feels that this change in the policy is more for the benefit of those teachers.
Alexandra Fowler, Chemistry major said that since she is not a smoker the policy does not affect her, but it does seem strange that e-cigs are being banned if the byproducts are not known to be harmful as second-hand smoke.
“I do not know too much about e-cigs but if they only expel vapor, I do not see it to be a huge issue,” she said.
As of now the campus has limited areas that are labeled as designated smoking zones outside the SSC, and are exposed to the elements with no coverage from sun, rain or snow, which can make it difficult for smokers to utilize.
Students don’t know where it is acceptable to smoke, as some spots are labeled and others are not where ashtrays are located at on campus, Fowler said.
Electronic cigarettes were introduced into the U.S. market in 2007 as an alternative to traditional tobacco products, offering a variety of different levels of nicotine liquids, and because e-cigs contain no tobacco these products have not been subject to U.S. tobacco laws, according to health.discovery.com.
The conclusion of a study on nicotine e-liquids was that “For all byproducts measured, electronic cigarettes produce very small exposures relative to tobacco cigarettes. The study indicates no apparent risk to human health from e-cigarette emissions based on the compounds analyzed, according to pubmed.gov.
The smoking ban will begin in the 2013 fall semester, and will first start off with a smoke-free campaign on campus with resources, such as at cnm.edu/about/smoke-free-campus, where both students and faculty can find support to help quit smoking.

Main campus bookstore settles into a new home

By Jamison Wagner, Staff Reporter | Photo By Rene Thompson

4
The bookstore at Main campus is now in a new location but it will continue to offer the best opportunity to students as far as book rentals in the form of cheaper digital and used book savings said Ann Heaton, Main Campus Bookstore Manager.
The bookstore is moving to the new Culinary Arts building next to the Security building across from the Smith Brasher building, and has opened as of July 29, she said. The bookstore will have less space than it did in the old location but will still offer buybacks, the same products and opportunities as it always has for students, she said.
“I am disappointed about the size of the space but that is okay, we are going to make it work, so students are going to get the same service they always do. As far as fixtures go, we are definitely upgrading to look more like your average retailer’s outlet,” she said.
With the bookstore moved, CNM will be renovating the original space for CNM Connect, so that part of CNM has the space it needs to service students effectively said Luis Campos, Executive Director of CNM’s Physical Plant.
CNM relocated the bookstore to the new Culinary Arts building to take advantage of the restaurant in the new building so students will get excited about the Culinary Arts programs new services, he said.
“Years ago in the A building the culinary arts students used to sell their baked goods to people and now the students can sell their baked products to people coming in to buy their books which is exciting to us,” he said.
Another reason the bookstore was moved is that people would have problems finding parking by the bookstore when it was in the Student Services Center and with it near the Security building it will be easier for students to park near the bookstore, Campos said.
For more information on the bookstores move or any other bookstore related questions call 243-0457.

Surprise! You’ve graduated Student recieves degrees without applying

emilyBy Jamison Wagner, Staff Reporter
Students may find it difficult to get a degree in their majors, because of how at least one student so far has been graduated early with degrees that had not been applied for, nor was the student notified of graduating with 2 degrees and a certification, having nothing to do with her major until after graduation was over on May 5.
Emily Sarvis, Biology major and President of the Executive Council of Students said that one day after spring graduation she received an email for a post graduate survey. The email seemed strange to her since she had not applied to graduate, she said. Sarvis inquired with the records office, and the person she spoke to said she had in fact graduated as the records department had run a program that found she qualified to graduate under a different degree program than her major, so the school then graduated her without any notification, she said.
“This was after graduation so I lost my chance to walk the line. Not only did they not tell me but I then found out that I had been graduated with two associate’s degrees and one certificate,” she said.
Student records did not give her a clear answer as to why they did this in the first place, she said.
Repeated attempts to contact someone in CNM administration regarding this program have not been successful, resulting in referrals to individuals in the administration that have not responded to the Chronicle’s requests for information.
“I was considering filing an appeal on my financial aid because I have reached my maximum time frame but since I have now graduated with a degree the financial aid program will not grant my appeal,” Sarvis said.
There are a lot of scholarship programs out there that require a student not to have a degree and those programs are not an option either now, she said. Sarvis plans to transfer to UNM in the fall of 2014 and does not think this will affect her ability to do so but it will delay her timeframe since she now has to pay for classes and books for the rest of the year out of pocket, she said.
“I think what I am most upset about is that I never graduated from high school as I got my GED instead. I have never graduated from anything and CNM took that moment away from me and my family,” she said.
There is no information on cnm.edu with regards to this proactive graduation program, and instead, the website lays out the steps for a traditional application to graduate from CNM.
According to the CNM website, “Students must apply for graduation to receive a certificate or degree from CNM.”
The Graduation process stated on CNM’s website lists a three-step procedure that then breaks down to a total of 17 steps that must be completed in order for a student to graduate from CNM.
According to the website, students must: “Click the ‘Apply to Graduate’ link in the ‘Graduation and Change/Update Your Major’ channel of myCNM”, before the student can graduate.
There has been no explanation forthcoming from the administration in regards to the proactive graduation program. Any students that want more information about graduation will have to contact the student records department directly.

It’s a bird, it’s a plane, it’s…. a Comic Art gallery!!!

By Jamison Wagner, Staff Reporter | Photos By :  Christopher Uminga and Billy Fowler

BANE BY CHRISTOPHER UMINGA
BANE BY CHRISTOPHER UMINGA
GREEN GOBLIN BY CHRISTOPHER UMINGA
GREEN GOBLIN BY CHRISTOPHER UMINGA
FLASH BY BILLY FOWLER
FLASH BY BILLY FOWLER
DR. DOOM BY BILLY FOWLER
DR. DOOM BY BILLY FOWLER
JOKER BY CHRISTOPHER UMINGA
JOKER BY CHRISTOPHER UMINGA

The Metropolis Comic Art Gallery is working to bring comic artists; comic writers and other cre­ators of art that are comic-derived altogether said Jody Masters, gallery owner.

The gallery is going to become a meeting place for the different groups that are comic-related, such as Sketch-a-holics a group that does drawings and 7000 B.C. an organization that does comic writing.

“This is exciting because Albuquerque has never had anything like this and some artists are now coming out of the woodwork as a result,” she said.

There is a Lego artist that has creates Lego sculptures and has entered the Lego championships, which he will be doing workshops on Lego art here at the gallery, she said.

For the Japan Invasion event in September the Lego artist is going to do a workshop on anime swords and attendees will be able to make their own Lego anime sword, she said.

“We have guys that will be doing workshops on comic book writing, inking and layouts, how to do digital inking and drawing. We have some people that do their own graphic novels that are going to come in and read them and I am really excited about all of this,” she said.

The dates for the workshops are still up in the air but the gallery hopes to have the information up on their website soon, she said. The art gallery is making plans to get the local schools involved as well along with the business up and down the street, she said.

“We are talking with the bike store downstairs and thinking of maybe getting together bike tours and a parade event with comic book heroes on bikes. I think it will be really fun,” she said.

The gallery is working towards becoming more than just a place for art but it is also a gallery where artists can showcase their artwork said Mike Borin, gallery co-owner.

Borin said, he want to have a venue for where these artists can put up their art on display when right now the artists have to wait for a convention to happen so they can display and sell their art in person.

“I was slabbing comics (a process where comics are graded professionally and then sealed in plastic) for a while and my father-in-law said ‘why are you even doing that when you cannot read them any­more?’ because he enjoys reading comics. I thought about it and realized that what I most enjoy about comics is the artwork and I like the cover artwork the most,” he said.

Because Borin and Jody own the building, the two of them were able to set up the gallery space for artists rent-free, he said.

“As far as the two of us know, no one else is doing anything like this. There are a ton of websites that sell comic book art but I have not found any other brick-and-mortar spaces that do what our gallery does,” he said.

When the gallery was first being set up, the six artists who are on display right now and had flown out from the East Coast for the Albuquerque Comic Expo were amazed, as they had never seen anything like the gallery before, Borin said.

“The six artists we have started with said they have all traveled around the country to the different comic expos but they have never seen anything like this before, and they found it to be incredibly excit­ing,” said Masters.

For upcoming events at the Metropolis Comics Expo visit metropoliscomicart.com

Underage children no longer allowed in the SRC computer labs

1-3By Jamison Wagner, Staff Reporter | Photo By Jamison Wagner

Nursing major Cynthia Corona said she had no difficul­ties from the staff of the Student Resource Center at Main campus when she had her son Aidan with her in the computer center, but other stu­dents have had differ­ent experiences.

Corona said she had been using the computers on Friday July 12 with her son, age four sitting next to her for about an hour but none of the staff said anything. However the SRC has signs posted in the tutoring and computer center that states chil­dren are not allowed in that part of the build­ing unless their parent is meeting with an Achievement Coach.

“Aidan was quiet and none of the staff told me anything. This was my first time in the com­puter center with Aidan and I did not even know the sign was there,” she said.

If she was not able to bring her son with her in the future it could be a prob­lem as her Health I n f o r m a t i o n T e c h n o l o g y class homework requires that she make use of the software that is avail­able at the SRC, but not available at home, Corona said.

Integrated Studies graduate James Roach said that he has had problems in the past with having his sons with him for even a short amount of time in the computer center at the SRC. He said An employee that was not wearing a name badge came up when he dropped in to print a document and told him he had to leave even though his sons were being quiet.

“This happened on April 26 (2013), where this guy would not identify himself as an employee and would not stop being rude to me in front of my kids. He then called secu­rity after I told him to shut up as he would not stop being rude, even as I was leaving with my kids,” he said.

Three security guards showed up after he and his sons moved from the computer center to the library side of the SRC where children are allowed, he said.

Roach said that at the time of the inci­dent there were no signs that stated chil­dren were not allowed in the computer center and that he specifically asked one of the secu­rity guards if there was a policy prohib­iting children from being in the computer center and the guard said no.

“If there is no sign saying children are not allowed, you do not have the right to tell someone to leave. It is like saying, ‘sorry you cannot listen to music with head­phones because we do not allow that in here and do not have a sign to tell you about that’,” he said.

Cesar Silva, Engineering major and former president for the Executive Council of Students said that he took his 11-year old son to the SRC with him about a year ago when he needed tutoring for one of his classes, and he was told that his son was not allowed to be with him because he was under the specific age range.

“I utilize the SRC a lot as the tutors there have helped me to get to the point where I am now, and it has been hard to try to utilize the tutors and have some childcare,” he said.

Silva said he under­stands that some chil­dren may be a little young and may not be able to be quiet for other students that are study­ing but if there was a policy that said “As long as you keep your child quiet and under control” then there should not be a problem.

“It is sad because everyone knows that CNM serves older stu­dents that have chil­dren and it conflicts with CNM’s goal of providing the best edu­cation, the best oppor­tunity for students to succeed,” he said.

Brad Moore Director of Communications and Marketing Relations said that he was not aware of the SRC having rules about children other than the basic policies laid out in the Student Code of Conduct and the Employee handbook.

The Student Code of Conduct as laid out on the CNM website says, “Children (or other non-students) are not allowed to accompany adults to class or lab. All children who are under age 15 and are on CNM’s campus, must be accompanied by an adult at all times,” under Rules Governing Classrooms/Labs.

The Employee handbook states the following, “CNM is a public institution for adults and has an obli­gation to its students to maintain an atmo­sphere conducive to learning at all times. Therefore, the fol­lowing policies shall govern children on campus: 1) Children under the age of 15 must be accompa­nied by an adult at all times while on CNM property, 2) Children under the age of 15 may not be left unsu­pervised anywhere on CNM property, 3) Children may not accompany a parent or other adult to any class or lab, 4) Children left unattended on CNM property will be brought to the atten­tion of the appropriate enforcement agency, and 5) Children on CNM property under adult supervision are expected to behave in a manner that is not disturbing to other CNM patrons.”

SRC supervisors could not be reached for comment at the time of this article.

To contact SRC about where it is okay to have children in the building, call 224-3285 for more information.

Summer blockbuster is delightfully despicable

By Jamison Wagner, Staff Reporter | Photos provided by wallpiph.com

4

Bee-doo bee-doo bee-doo. This will be the noise for which Despicable Me 2 is for­ever remembered.

This time the min­ions voiced by Pierre Coffin (Brad & Gary, Despicable Me) and Chris Renaud (The Lorax, No Time for Nuts) do not steal the show, they are the show in this film.

From the minions’ antics in attempting to put out a fire in the office of their boss, Gru who is voiced by Steve Carrell (The Office, The 40 Year Old Virgin), to the outra­geous attempts to drive a getaway car, the minions alone are worth the price of ticket admission.

SPOILERS ahead!

While the Gru’s daughters Margo voiced by Miranda Cosgrove (iCarly, Our Deal), Agnes voiced by Elsie Kate Fisher (Despicable Me, Home Makeover) and Edith voiced by Dana Gaier (30 Rock, Home Makeover) do not play as large a role in this movie as the girls did in first movie, they do remain compelling characters on screen.

From Margo’s dif­ficulties with boys to her young siblings struggles with their own growing pains the children remain char­acters the audience can readily understand and be engaged by.

The newest char­acter introduced is Lucy voiced by Kristen Wiig (How to Train Your Dragon, Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs) whose zany antics make for an interesting foil to Gru’s more dour mien.

From her kidnap­ping of Gru in a bid to recruit him for the Anti-Villain League as she tasers’ him, to her diving out of a moving airplane to return to his side as the duo endeavors to bring down the villain of the movie, Lucy is an oddly idiosyncratic heroine that never bores.

The animation is as solid as it had been in the first movie without any pixilation or tearing in the filming frames so the viewer is never pulled out of the film experience.

The story is not quite as unique as the first movie’s plot as it comes across as remi­niscent of a roman­tic comedy at times, which lacks the quirky pull of a villain becom­ing a father but is still solid overall.

The tale begins with a science labo­ratory in the Arctic being completely abducted by a giant flying magnet, who knows why the scien­tists insisted on hang­ing onto metal objects as they were pulled up that seems like poor planning. Fast-forward to Gru’s house where he is hosting a birthday party for his youngest adopted daughter Agnes with the help of his minions who engage in some amusing hijinks at each other’s expense.

The next day Gru when walking his dog he is accosted by Lucy who then kidnaps him by knocking him out and then stuffing him in the trunk of her car. Lucy is pur­sued by two minions in an absurdly amus­ing chase scene who are then knocked out and taken by her along with Gru to a submarine base.

Gru is then introduced to Silas Ramsbottom (insert bad joke about sheep rear ends here) the head honcho of the Anti- Villain League. Silas attempts to recruit Gru to the League, but Gru refuses.

Gru returns home to his base which is now making jellies and jams where Dr. Nefario voiced by Russell Brand (Arthur, Get Him to the Greek) announces he is taking a new job. Gru gives Nefario a 21 fart gun salute as a rather wry sendoff and then decides to sign on with the Anti-Villain League.

Gru is partnered with Lucy as the two of them attempt to track down the villain that stole the chemical compound from the lab at the start of the movie. Gru and Lucy base themselves out of a cupcake shop in a mall with some slightly half-baked moments as the League detected trace amounts of the chemi­cal in the mall itself.

All in all, the sequel is not quite as compelling as the first movie was but it is still a pleasant experience.

New Chem Club

By Daniel Montaño, Staff Reporter
While congress is locked in partisan battles regarding subsidized student loans, it is more important than ever to have a plan for paying back student loan debt, but most students do not understand their loans, much less have a definite plan on paying loans back, Corbin Cordova, former Business major said.
As of July 1 the annual interest rate of 3.4 percent doubled to 6.8 percent on all subsidized student loans because congress was deadlocked in debate over how to address subsidized student loan interest rates, according to insiderhighered.com.
Students have said they have mixed reactions regarding the interest rate hike and how they plan to pay back the extra interest.
Gabrielle Roberts is in the process of registering for classes and plans to begin attending CNM in the fall 2013 semester, she said.
Although she plans on taking out student loans she hasn’t come up with a plan on how she is going to pay them back because to her it’s more important to get her degree then it is to worry about paying back loans, Roberts said.
“I’m just starting so I’m not too worried about paying anything back yet. I’m sure that as the years go on and I see my loans accumulating, I’m going to start wondering how I’m going to pay back that interest. Right now the main concern is actually being able to go to school. Being able to afford going is the first step and I haven’t been able to conquer that quite yet,” Roberts said.
While some students may be more concerned about attending class, Monica Apodaca, Nursing major, used to work for a student loan service provider and said that her experience prepared her to enter school with a plan to pay back any student loans she might have needed to take out.
Apodaca said that she knew that student loan interest rates can fluctuate but that they wouldn’t go above 6.8 percent. Although the interest rate was lower at the time she took out her loans, Apodaca said she gave herself leeway when she took out the loans by planning to pay them back at the maximum interest rate.
“Everything I took out I figured based off of the 6.8 percent because I knew that the interests rates fluctuate, but I knew the highest they could go is 6.8,” Apodaca said.
It is important for students to know where their student loan money is coming from when developing a plan to pay back student loans because different loan servicers can provide different repayment options, Apodaca said.
“Contacting the servicer is the best thing to do. Financial aid knows repayment options but the loan servicer will actually be able to give them quotes and give them better options because they’re the ones actually servicing their loans,” Apodaca said.
If a student has taken out a loan but doesn’t know which loan servicer they have, they can find out by accessing the National Student Loan Data System, at http://www.nslds.ed.gov.
Corbin Cordova who currently attends UNM and is a former CNM Business major said that he knows how much student loan debt he has, but doesn’t have a definite plan on how to pay it back.
Cordova said that he is relying on finding a job through which he can pay back his loans after he graduates, but that he isn’t sure if he’ll be able to find work because of the difficult job market right now.
“It’s one of those things that I’m going to have to deal with eventually. One of the promises of school is to improve our future. That’s definitely one of the marketing campaigns for CNM in particular, to know your path know where you’re going and that the unwritten promise is that at the end of it you’ll be getting paid more. So you should be able to pay it off, right? Should being the operative word,” Cordova said.
While some student’s do not have a clear-cut plan on how to pay off their student loans, other students have said that they might have to default on their loans if they are not able to find a good job after school.
Dustin Zumwalt, Business major, said that he has taken out the maximum amount of student loans ever since he started attending CNM in order to feed and house his family and that he will not pay the loans back until he is able to do so comfortably.
“I mean, my family comes first. If it’s going to take food off of their table then I’m not going to pay it back. But if I end up doing good, being successful and it isn’t going to hurt me to pay it back, then I’ll pay it back,” Zumwalt said.
The STEM up program offered a financial literacy workshop in June, including information from both UNM and CNM’s Financial Aid departments, and plans on hosting another in the fall semester; E-mail’s will be sent to all students when a date is set. To reach CNM’s Financial Aid department call 224-3090, to view individual student loan information visit http://www.nslds.ed.gov.

Fantastic Fractals Math League Event

By Jamison Wagner, Staff Reporter
The student Math League will be holding a presentation about fractals on Friday July 12 at 6 p.m. on Main Campus in Smith Brasher room 106, Alex Cordova, physics major and Math League vice president, said.
The Fractal Event, which will be hosted by Tim Torres and Otto Mossberg, will cover what fractals are and where fractals can be found in nature. The event is open to anyone and will end at 9 p.m., Cordova said.
“Fractals are literally nature. Nature pretty much bases itself around the most efficient way of doing something, and if it works it repeats itself over and over again,” he said.
Fractals are a mathematical phenomenon where there is a simple rule and it gets applied over and over again forming a geometrical shape that has symmetry of scale, he said.
“This kind of phenomenon does not even have to happen with a math equation; it can simply come about from a general rule,” he said.
An example of this is the Koch Snowflake; where a person can divide a line segment into three segments of equal length, then draw a regular triangle that has the middle segment from the first step as its base and points outward, and then remove the line segment that is the base of the triangle from the second step, he said.
“This is neat since you just follow the algorithm and you get the snowflake. Just cut out the middle and keep following the rules and you get a fractal,” he said.
One of the uses for fractals is in the building of a cell phone antenna to have more surface area without changing its’ size, he said. This allows the antenna to absorb a broader range of frequencies for receiving cell phone signals, he said.
“With fractals you can get all telephone frequencies and only have that on one small antenna, and if we did not have this we would have to carry a different antenna for each different frequency,” he said.
One of the pioneers in the field of fractals was Benoit Mandelbrot, and one of his first papers was a study of how to measure cosines that explained that depending on the ruler one uses, whether it is a mile, half an inch or another length, one can get varying inaccuracies on how long that cosine may actually be, he said.
“There is a way to get a really precise measurement in units you can use based on his works,” he said.
According to the Wall Street Journal, Mandelbrot used the term fractal (derived from Latin fractus which means broken glass) to describe a pattern of roughness, and no matter how closely someone views the pattern the person will always see a equally jagged or rough edge to the object at all scales. This pattern, for example, can be found in a fern plant.
For more information on the Math League or to RSVP to Fractal Friday on July 12, email Alex Cordova at acordova112@cnm.edu.

In search of an honest citation

By: Jamison Wagner, Staff Reporter

Citing sources for an academic paper can be difficult at times, and students can find themselves needing assistance on appropriate sources for any given topic or course, said Stephanie Avila, Nursing major.
Some resources available in addition to the CNM library database are the free tutoring services provided on campus. Most teachers can help with resources during office hours.
One of the challenges that Avila faces is the English class she is attending this semester that requires sources be from the database administered by CNM, she said.
“Sometimes I cannot find things in there and then I am like, ‘Oh no!’ This can be really frustrating for me,” said Avila.
Students shouldn’t use Wikipedia because the website is not a recommended source and just about anyone has access to edit the website which it is not peer reviewed said Xing Yu, English instructor.
“Wikipedia pages can be good for starting a search, but the writer of the page could be biased. Therefore, his or her selection of the cited material to back up the page may be biased as well,” she said.
In order to find good resources for citations, students should use the many databases available on campus, she said. Google Scholar is also a resource but can show sites that charge for cited source materials. Research Gate is a science-based search engine that students can sign up for to find peer-reviewed articles with, she said.
One of the resources CNM has that students can access is located on the CNM website in Student Resources under Libraries.
The page allows a CNM student to search for books in the CNM database and if the book is available as an eBook, the student can then open and read the book or search for specific words or phrases for citation purposes.
Students can receive assistance with their English papers at the tutoring center on campus, said KC McKillip, English and writing tutor.
“We have the MLA handbook for how to cite sources here at the tutoring center, but it can be confusing at times and one of the tutors can help with that,” she said.
The most common issue students will face is plagiarism. Sometimes it is on purpose; other times it is completely by accident, she said.
“The biggest mistake that students make is either looking at the source while writing the paper or copy/pasting from a source and thinking, ‘I am going to rewrite that,’ and then the student forgets to do so. That is what I see is a bigger problem than citing correctly,” she said.
Students have to be careful to avoid plagiarism—even by accident–as a student can get a zero on a paper that was written for a class if there is any plagiarism, even if it was accidental, she said.
“Even if a student does not attribute correctly, if he or she shows it was obtained from somewhere else, that is better than not showing and trying to pretend it is the student’s own work,” she said.
One of the recommended websites for learning how to cite sources properly is Purdue Owl, McKillip said. Purdue Owl offers articles that cover everything from the writing process to grammar and also how to write graduate school applications.
For more information on CNM tutoring center locations for assistance with writing English papers, visit cnm.edu/depts/tutoring or go to http://www.cnm.edu/depts/libraries/services-and-resources/database.html/ for a list of database sources.